Date of Award

May 2018

Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy



First Advisor

Wilkistar Otieno

Committee Members

Brett A Peters, Seyed H Hosseini, Xiaohang Yue, Hamid K Seifoddini


Close Supply Chain, decision making, Production planning, Product Recovery, Remanufacturing, Reverse Logistics


Increasing concerns about the environmental impact of production, product take-back laws and dwindling natural resources have heightened the need to address the impact of disposing end-of-life (EOL) products. To cope this challenge, manufacturers have integrated reverse logistics into their supply chain or chosen to outsource product recovery activities to third party firms. The uncertain quality of returns as well as uncertainty in return flow limit the effectiveness of planning, control and monitoring of reverse logistics networks. In addition, there are different recovery routes for each returned product such as reuse, repair, disassembling, remanufacturing and recycling. To determine the most profitable option for EOL product management, remanufacturers must consider the quality of returns and other limitations such as inventory size, demand and quantity of returns. The work in this dissertation addresses these pertinent aspects using two models that have been motivated by two remanufacturing facilities whereby there are uncertainties in the quality and quantity of return and capacitated inventories.

In the first case, a disposition decision making model is developed for a remanufacturing process in which the inventory capacity of recoverable returns is limited and where there's a constant demand to be met, for remanufactured products that meet a minimum quality threshold. It is assumed that the quality of returns is uncertain and remanufacturing cost is dependent on the quality grade. In this model, remanufacturing takes place when there is demand for remanufactured products. Accepted returns that meet the minimum quality threshold undergo the remanufacturing processes, and any unacceptable returns are salvaged. A continuous time Markov chain (CTMC) is presented as the modeling approach. The Matrix-Geometric solution methodology is applied to evaluate several key performance metrics for this system, to result in the optimal disposition policy. The numerical study shows an intricate trade-off between the acceptable quality threshold value and the recoverable product inventory capacity. Particularly, there are periodic system starvation whenever there is a mis-match between these two system metrics. In addition, the sensitivity analysis indicates that changes to the demand rate for remanufactured products necessitates the need to re-evaluate the existing system configuration.

In the second case, a general framework is presented for a third party remanufacturer, where the remanufacturer has the alternative of salvaging EOL products and supplying parts to external suppliers, or remanufacture the disassembled parts to 'as new' conditions. The remanufacturing processes of reusable products and parts is studied in the context of other process variables such as the cost and demand of remanufactured products and parts. The goal of this model is to determine the return quality thresholds for a multi-product, multi-period remanufacturing setting. The problem is formulated as a mixed integer non-linear programming (MINLP) problem, which involves a discretization technique that turns the problem turns into a quadratic mixed integer programming (QMIP) problem. Finally, a numerical analysis using a personal computer (PC) remanufacturing facility data is used to test the extent to which the minimum acceptance quality threshold is dependent on the inventory level capacities of the EOL product management sites, varying operational costs and the upper bound of disposal rate.