Date of Award
Master of Science
Alan J. Horowitz
Hani Titi, Ivy Hu
Actuated Signals, Directional Factors, Macroscopic Model, Navteq, Origin-Destination Estimation, Travel Time
Transportation macroscopic modeling is a tool for analyzing and prioritizing future transportation improvements. Transportation modeling techniques continue to evolve with improvements to computer processing speeds and traffic data collection. These improvements allow transportation models to be calibrated to real life traffic conditions. The transportation models rely on an origin-destination (OD) matrix, which describes the quantity and distribution of trips in a transportation network. The trips defined by the OD matrix are assigned to the network through the process of traffic assignment. Traffic assignment relies on the travel time (cost) of roadways to replicate route choice of trips between OD trip pairs. Travel time is calculated both along the roadway and from delay at the intersections. Actuated traffic signals, one form of signalized intersections, have not been explicitly modeled in macroscopic transportation models. One of the objectives of this thesis is to implement actuated signals in the macroscopic modeling framework, in order to improve traffic assignment by more accurately representing delay at intersections. An actuated traffic signal module was implemented into QRS II, a transportation macroscopic model, using a framework from the 2010 Highway Capacity Manual. Results from actuated intersections analyzed with QRS II indicate the green time for each phase was reasonably distributed and sensitive to lane group volume and input parameters.
Private vendor travel time data from companies such as Navteq and INRIX, have extensive travel time coverage on freeways and arterials. Their extensive travel time coverage has the potential to be useful in estimating OD matrices. The second objective of this thesis is to use travel time in the OD estimation framework. The presented OD estimation method uses travel time to determine directional split factors for bi-directional traffic counts. These directional split factors update target volumes during the OD estimation procedure. The OD estimation technique using travel time from floating car runs was tested using a mid-sized network in Milwaukee, WI. The analysis indicates applicability of using travel time in OD estimation.
Youngblom, Eric, "Travel Time in Macroscopic Traffic Models for Origin-Destination Estimation" (2013). Theses and Dissertations. 185.