Date of Award
Master of Science
Douglas Steeber, Julie Oliver, Heather Owen
Immune response, PI3K Pathway, T cell migration, ZAP70 Signaling
DIFFERENTIAL MIGRATION OF CD4+ AND CD8+ T CELLS DURING AN IMMUNE RESPONSE
The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 2018
Under the Supervision of Professor Douglas Steeber
Lymphocyte migration is critical for recognizing pathogenic challenges in a timely manner and generating effective, rapid immune responses. Lymphocyte numbers in secondary lymphoid tissues such as lymph nodes are rapidly and dramatically increased during an immune response. Lymphocytes use specific adhesion molecules and intracellular signaling cascades to migrate and enter secondary lymphoid tissues under resting conditions. It is not clear if the same migration and/or entry pathways are utilized when secondary lymphoid tissues are activated during an immune response. Previous investigations in our lab have shown that T cell subtypes display differential migration patterns to peripheral lymph nodes during an antigen-induced immune response. Additional studies began defining the intracellular signaling cascades and adhesion molecules that may be responsible for the observed differential migration. In the studies presented here, inhibitors of proteins in signaling pathway(s) known to be involved in lymphocyte adhesion and migration were used to identify the intracellular signaling cascades responsible for the observed differential migration. Further, examination of cryosectioned lymphoid tissue by immunofluorescence microscopy sought to elucidate involvement of the inhibited pathways in cellular localization in vivo and the expression of peripheral lymph node addressin in the recruitment of T cells to peripheral lymph nodes. Several possible intracellular signaling pathways (PI3K and ZAP70) and L-selectin (CD62L) were eliminated as the cause of the differential T cell migration during immune responses.
Parrott, Jacob, "Differential Migration of CD4+ and CD8+ T Cells During an Immune Response" (2018). Theses and Dissertations. 1892.