Date of Award
Master of Arts
Aims McGuinness, Christine Evans
Economic Nationalism, Foreign Policy, Marshall Plan, Multilateralism, Postwar Germany, U.S. State Department
This study examines how a firm belief in the economic doctrine of multilateralism triggered a powerful policy-determining crusade within the U.S. State Department. This doctrine was fundamental to the establishment of postwar foreign policy toward Germany. It was present in 1939 during early planning meetings and lasted through to the 1948 division of Germany. The equitable application of multilateralism as a basis for foreign policy determination was not initially accepted by other sectors of the U.S. Government; but over the course of this period State Department officials were able to overcome intergovernmental resistance. Motives for postwar planning for Germany were based on concerns over the growth of economic nationalism, which had led to a dramatic decrease in international commerce during the 1930s. This paper follows the web of multilateral foreign policy implementation as it weaves it way through the early planning process, interdepartmental disagreements, severe problems during the military occupation, and finally an impasse with the Soviets over occupied Germany.
Jeffers, Rick, "Formation of U.S. State Department Economic Foreign Policy for the Occupation of Postwar Germany, 1939-1948" (2015). Theses and Dissertations. 884.