ETI Publications

Document Type

Technical Paper

Publication Date



In Wisconsin the state government administers the child care subsidy program and allocates federal funds earmarked to improve the quality and availability of child care services. The county government is charged with determining eligibility of families for the subsidy program, conducting local private market child care rate surveys, and administering payments to providers. Portions of this research study were conducted to assist Milwaukee County in administering the subsidy program and to provide data on rate increases and vendor charges. The Milwaukee experience offers an important urban case study in the implementation of policies now guiding child care support under the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program and the Child Care and Development Fund. Legislation passed in Wisconsin in 1995 requires parents on welfare to enter the labor force shortly after their children are born or to participate in time-limited employment-related activities. With financial savings from plummeting welfare rolls during the 1990s and an infusion of federal funds for child care large pockets of new money were made available for child care support. From Fiscal Year 1997-98 through the current FY 2001-02, Wisconsin expects to spend over $1 billion on child care expenditures, with much of the money going to Milwaukee County