Event Title

What Information do Nationwide Surveys Provide us with About the Social Ecology of Sexual Risk Among Latinx Teens

Mentor 1

Heidi Luft

Location

Union Wisconsin Room

Start Date

5-4-2019 1:30 PM

End Date

5-4-2019 3:30 PM

Description

Latino teens are one of the fastest growing populations in the United States, they are also at high risks of contracting STI’s/HIV, teen pregnancy, being in violent or abuse relationships, and engaging in risky sexual encounters. To find the risk factors the social ecological model (SEM) was used. The model proposes risk factors present in the individual, social and sexual networks, community, and public policy levels. Compared to their white peers, Latinx teens have higher rates and unique risk factors for sexually transmitted infections. Most research studies have focused on identifying and addressing risk factors present primarily at the individual and interpersonal levels and employed small, single-site samples Therefore, there were three aims of this project: (1) Identify national surveys that collected data about sexual health outcomes among Latinx teens in the US, (2) extract additional variables examined in the survey, and (3) summarize the variables according to the SEM. Results will summarize factors at each level. At the sexual network it was found that the age of first sex, the number of sexual partners and sexual history disclosure between partners to be frequently surveyed. Some individual factors included health literacy on knowledge about AIDS/HIV, and condom usage. The factors in the social network category mainly were about close peers perspectives on sexual knowledge. Family closeness is also apart of an important factor in social networks especially if the parents are together in the home to be a mother or father figure to the adolescent. Some community factors included safety in neighborhood, presence of rundown housing, and garbage in the streets. The factors in the public policy category included having insurance and the types of healthcare clinics available to teens. Project is still underway although a summary of each risk factor of the social ecological model will be created.

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Apr 5th, 1:30 PM Apr 5th, 3:30 PM

What Information do Nationwide Surveys Provide us with About the Social Ecology of Sexual Risk Among Latinx Teens

Union Wisconsin Room

Latino teens are one of the fastest growing populations in the United States, they are also at high risks of contracting STI’s/HIV, teen pregnancy, being in violent or abuse relationships, and engaging in risky sexual encounters. To find the risk factors the social ecological model (SEM) was used. The model proposes risk factors present in the individual, social and sexual networks, community, and public policy levels. Compared to their white peers, Latinx teens have higher rates and unique risk factors for sexually transmitted infections. Most research studies have focused on identifying and addressing risk factors present primarily at the individual and interpersonal levels and employed small, single-site samples Therefore, there were three aims of this project: (1) Identify national surveys that collected data about sexual health outcomes among Latinx teens in the US, (2) extract additional variables examined in the survey, and (3) summarize the variables according to the SEM. Results will summarize factors at each level. At the sexual network it was found that the age of first sex, the number of sexual partners and sexual history disclosure between partners to be frequently surveyed. Some individual factors included health literacy on knowledge about AIDS/HIV, and condom usage. The factors in the social network category mainly were about close peers perspectives on sexual knowledge. Family closeness is also apart of an important factor in social networks especially if the parents are together in the home to be a mother or father figure to the adolescent. Some community factors included safety in neighborhood, presence of rundown housing, and garbage in the streets. The factors in the public policy category included having insurance and the types of healthcare clinics available to teens. Project is still underway although a summary of each risk factor of the social ecological model will be created.