Event Title

A Systematic Review of Effectiveness of Health Promotion Interventions for Transgender People

Mentor 1

Lance Weinhardt

Location

Union Wisconsin Room

Start Date

5-4-2019 1:30 PM

End Date

5-4-2019 3:30 PM

Description

Systematic reviews have examined the effectiveness of interventions targeting specific areas of transgender health such as depression, anxiety, substance abuse, and HIV prevention. However, this review includes more recent studies than previous reviews, and it is the first systematic review of articles examining all non transition-related health promotion intervention programs that have been developed for transgender people. Included in this review are peer-reviewed, published articles written in English, from which intervention effects on participants identifying as transgender (or with a gender identity under the transgender umbrella) were the sole focus or could be separated from other participants in the study. Being beyond the scope of this paper, articles examining medical gender transition-related treatments (e.g., surgery, hormone treatments) were excluded from review. This review will present the methodological details and results of 33 studies addressing physical health and 3 studies addressing mental health. These studies targeted HIV and STD risk reduction, substance use, PTSD, depression, anxiety, coping, and resilience. The most important conclusion gleaned from this review is that given the physical and mental health disparities encountered by transgender people, there is a great need for development and testing of a wide range of new, tailored health promotion programs.

Keywords: Transgender, mental health, physical health, intervention programs, systematic review

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Apr 5th, 1:30 PM Apr 5th, 3:30 PM

A Systematic Review of Effectiveness of Health Promotion Interventions for Transgender People

Union Wisconsin Room

Systematic reviews have examined the effectiveness of interventions targeting specific areas of transgender health such as depression, anxiety, substance abuse, and HIV prevention. However, this review includes more recent studies than previous reviews, and it is the first systematic review of articles examining all non transition-related health promotion intervention programs that have been developed for transgender people. Included in this review are peer-reviewed, published articles written in English, from which intervention effects on participants identifying as transgender (or with a gender identity under the transgender umbrella) were the sole focus or could be separated from other participants in the study. Being beyond the scope of this paper, articles examining medical gender transition-related treatments (e.g., surgery, hormone treatments) were excluded from review. This review will present the methodological details and results of 33 studies addressing physical health and 3 studies addressing mental health. These studies targeted HIV and STD risk reduction, substance use, PTSD, depression, anxiety, coping, and resilience. The most important conclusion gleaned from this review is that given the physical and mental health disparities encountered by transgender people, there is a great need for development and testing of a wide range of new, tailored health promotion programs.

Keywords: Transgender, mental health, physical health, intervention programs, systematic review