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Download Table of Contents (147 KB)
Download Ch. 1 The Basics of Logical Analysis (402 KB)
Download Ch. 2 Informal Logical Fallacies (363 KB)
Download Ch. 3 Deductive Logic I: Aristotelian Logic (442 KB)
Download Ch. 4 Deductive Logic II: Sentential Logic (412 KB)
Download Ch. 5 Inductive Logic I: Arguments from Analogy and Causal Reasoning (498 KB)
Download Ch. 6 Inductive Logic II: Probability and Statistics (1.3 MB)
This book covers a variety of basic logical techniques at an introductory level. In the first chapter, fundamental concepts--such as argument, validity, deduction vs. induction, etc.--are introduced, and the basics of argumentative analysis are discussed: distinguishing conclusions from premises, diagramming arguments. The second chapter covers informal fallacies. The third and fourth chapters concern deductive logic--Aristotelian and sentential logic, respectively. The final two chapters cover inductive logic. Analogical arguments and causal arguments (with discussion of Mill's Methods) are the topics of Chapter 5. Chapter 6 looks at basic probability calculations, Bayesian inference, fundamental statistical concepts, and common statistical fallacies.
informal logic, fallacies, deductive logic, inductive logic, probability, statistics
Knachel, Matthew, "Fundamental Methods of Logic" (2016). Philosophy Faculty Books. 1.