Novel Applications of Laser Doppler Vibrometry to Medical Imaging
laser Doppler vibrometry, medical imaging, skin vibrations, blood flow
Laser Doppler Vibrometry (LDV) has been widely used in engineering applications involving non-contact vibration and sound measurements. This technique has also been used in some biomedical applications including hearing research. The detectable frequencies are in the range of near-DC to 1 GHz or higher. This paper reviews applications of LDV in biomedical engineering and proposes new medical imaging applications based on measuring surface vibrations of tissues and organs. Tests were conducted on human skin using single point and scanning laser vibrometers. These tests suggest that skin vibrations due to the forcing excitation from the heart can be used in imaging of blood flow. The results of these tests illustrate the potential of such vibration measurements in a variety of diagnostic medical imaging applications including blood flow/restrictions, real-time monitoring of blood pressure variations, wound healing, muscle movements, etc. The fact that the measurements can be conducted remotely (non-contact) is an important benefit that adds to the promise of this approach.
Tabatabai, H., Oliver, D.E., Rohrbaugh, J.W., and Papadopoulos, C., "Novel Applications of Laser Doppler Vibrometry to Medical Imaging," Sensing and Imaging, June 2013, Vol. 14, issue 1-2, pp. 13-28