Date of Award

August 2016

Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


Educational Psychology

First Advisor

Stephen Wester

Committee Members

Shawn Cahill, Carol Haertlein Sells, Anthony Hains, Cindy Walker


Gender Role Conflict, Help-seeking, Masculinity, Service Members, Social Support, Stigma


It is a well-documented fact that men tend to seek professional help less frequently than women. Several factors might affect one’s help seeking behaviors, including gender role conflict, stigma, and perceived social support. This study served to examine help-seeking in male service members; more specifically, it explored how the above mentioned factors influenced attitudes and intentions towards seeking help. It also assessed whether or not the Gender Role Conflict Scale acts as a microcontextual primer. The data was analyzed using a structural equation modeling procedure. Results indicated a poor fit of the model to the data. Results also suggested that the Gender Role Conflict Scale does, indeed, serve as a microcontextual primer. Implications of these findings are discussed. Limitations of the study and suggestions for future research are also provided.