Date of Award
Master of Science
Curtis J. Jones, Leigh E. Wallace
Differential Item Functioning, Factor Analysis, HLM, Validity
This study seeks to understand the measurement of younger students’ perceptions of the school learning environment and their possible association with academic achievement. The target population is 4th and 5th grade students. Their perception of the school environment was compared to 7th graders by factor analysis, measurement invariance, differential item functioning, and hierarchical linear modeling. This study found that younger students’ perceptions are different from middle school students. However, like their middle school peers, these perceptions still predict academic performance.
Gilman, Leon Joseph, "School Culture and Climate for Younger Learners: Measurement and Association with Academic Achievement" (2017). Theses and Dissertations. 1624.