Date of Award

August 2017

Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy



First Advisor

Allen D. Bell

Committee Members

Allen D. Bell, Craig R. Guilbault, Ian M. Musson, Jeb F. Willenbring, Yi M. Zou


Anti-cocommutative, Connected Algebra, Enveloping Algebra, Global Dimension, HOPF Algebra, Non-commutative Algebra


We know that given a connected Hopf algebra H, the universal enveloping algebra

U(P(H)) embeds in H as a Hopf subalgebra. Depending on P(H), we show that

there may be another enveloping algebra (not as a Hopf subalgebra) within H by

using anti-cocommutative elements. Thus, this is an extension of enveloping

algebras with regards to the Hopf structure. We also use these discoveries to apply

to global dimension, and finish with antipode behavior and future research projects.

Included in

Mathematics Commons