Date of Award

May 2018

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

Engineering

First Advisor

Lingfeng Wang

Abstract

With the development of Smart Grid, the reliability and stability of the power system are significantly improved. However, a large-scale outage still possibly occurs when the power system is exposed to extreme conditions. Power system blackstart, the restoration after a complete or partial outage is a key issue needed to be studied for the safety of power system. Network reconfiguration is one of the most important steps when crews try to rapidly restore the network. Therefore, planning an optimal network reconfiguration scheme with the most efficient restoration target at the primary stage of system restoration is necessary and it also builds the foundation to the following restoration process. Besides, the utilization of distributed generators (DGs) has risen sharply in the power system and it plays a critical role in the future Smart Grid to modernize the power grid. The emerging Smart Grid technology, which enables self-sufficient power systems with DGs, provides further opportunities to enhance self-healing capability. The introduction of DGs makes a quick and efficient restoration of power system possible.

In this thesis, based on the topological characteristics of scale-free networks and the Discrete Particle Swarm Optimization (DPSO) algorithm, a network reconfiguration scheme is proposed. A power system structure can be converted into a system consisting of nodes and edges. Indices that reflect the nodes’ and edges’ topological characteristics in Graph Theory can be utilized to describe the importance of loads and transmission lines in the power system. Therefore, indices like node importance degree, line betweenness centrality and clustering coefficient are introduced to weigh the importance of loads and transmission lines. Based on these indices, an objective function which aims to restore as many important loads and transmission lines as possible and also subjected to constraints is formulated. The effectiveness of potential reconfiguration scheme is verified by Depth First Search (DFS) algorithm. Finally, DPSO algorithm is employed to obtain the optimal reconfiguration scheme. The comprehensive reconfiguration scheme proposed by my thesis can be the theoretical basis for the power grid dispatchers.

Besides, DGs are introduced in this thesis to enhance the restoration efficiency and success rate at the primary stage of network restoration. Firstly, the selection and classification principle of DGs are introduced in my thesis. In addition, the start sequence principle of DGs is presented as a foundation for the following stability analysis of network restoration with DGs. Then, the objective function subjected to constraints that aims to restore as many important loads as possible is formulated. Based on the restoration objective, islands that include part of important and restorable loads are formed because the DGs’ capacity cannot ensure an entire restoration of the outage areas. Finally, DPSO is used to obtain the optimal solution of islanding strategy and the state sequence matrix is utilized to represent the solution space.

It is believed that this work will provide some useful insight into improving the power system resiliency in the face of extreme events such as natural or man-made disasters.

Available for download on Saturday, December 14, 2019

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