Date of Award

December 2018

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

Engineering

First Advisor

Mohammad H Rahman

Abstract

This research presents a dual-level control structure for controlling a mobile robot or a group of robots to navigate through a dynamic environment (such as an object is moving in the workspace of a robot). The higher-level controller operates in cooperation with robot’s state estimation and mapping algorithm, Extended Kalman Filter – Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (EKFSLAM), and the lower-level controller (PID) controls the motion of the robot when it, encounters an obstacle, i.e., it reorients the robot to a predefined rebound angle and move it straight to maneuver around the obstacle until the robot is out of the obstacle range. The higher-level controller jumps in as soon as the robot is out of the obstacle range and moves the robot to the goal. The obstacle avoidance technique involves a novel approach to calculate the rebound angle. Further, the research implements the aforementioned technique to a Leader-Follower formation. Simulation and Experimental results have verified the effectiveness of the proposed control law.

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