Date of Award

August 2021

Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science



First Advisor

Robert J Jeske

Committee Members

Katherine Sterner, Richard Edwards


Koshkonong, Lithic, Oneota, Schmeling


The perceived homogeneity of Oneota lithic assemblages has often provided a challenge for archaeologists to extrapolate broader conclusions about Oneota tool economies beyond their preference for speed and efficiency. Using standardized methods, lithic materials recovered from the 2006 and 2008 excavations at the Schmeling site (47JE833) are examined to determine if the lithic economy is indicative of day-to-day activity or reflects a particular cultural function like that of a mortuary precinct. The results of this analysis are then contrasted against the Crescent Bay Hunt Club site (47JE0904), Koshkonong Creek Village site (47JE0379), and the Carcajou Point site (47JE0002) to examine procurement, manufacturing strategies, and assemblage diversity across Oneota sites in southcentral Wisconsin.