Date of Award

May 2024

Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts



First Advisor

Nancy Bird-Soto

Committee Members

Katie Vater, John McCaw


This analysis will focus on the impact of patriarchal ideals on gender expectations and roles in Central America and Mexico, through a sample of narrative texts by women authors. The experience of gender is always connected to national identity and the planning of social roles. Within the imagined community of a nation the valuation of female bodies creates a specific role for them in society. Why is there violence against the female body and what does this violence have to do with the concepts of social roles and subversive womanhood? With this information, this investigation will explore the creation of gender violence against women in some parts of Central America and Mexico, and its normalization in society through literature. In this study, I focus on three authors and their texts: “La buenas costumbres” (2011) by Denise Phé-Funchal; Odio, (1954) by Lucila Gamero de Medina, and “Soñarán en el jardín” (2018) by Gabriela Damián Miravete. From the perspectives of these authors, in this paper I will investigate subversive interpretations of gender roles and gender violence in the argument for the attainment of full personhood for female identifying persons. Keywords: femicide/femicide, nation and gender, subversive