Date of Award

December 2012

Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy



First Advisor

Adel Nasiri

Committee Members

David Yu, Jugal Ghorai, Mahsa Ranji, Al Ghorbanpoor


HVDC, PMSG, SCR, Wind Farm, Wind Generator, Wind Power


The current state of art for electrical power generated by wind generators are in alternating current (AC). Wind farms distribute this power as 3-phase AC. There are inherent stability issues with AC power distribution. The grid power transfer capacity is limited by the distance and characteristic impedance of the lines. Furthermore, wind generators have to implement complicated, costly, and inefficient back-to-back converters to generate AC. AC distribution does not offer an easy integration of energy storage. To mitigate drawbacks with AC generation and distribution, direct current (DC) generation and high voltage direct current (HVDC) distribution for the wind farms is proposed. DC power distribution is inherently stable. The generators convert AC power to DC without the use of a back-to-back converter. DC grid offers an easy integration of energy storage.

The proposed configuration for the generator is connected to a HVDC bus using a 12 pulse thyristor network, which can apply Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT). To properly control the system, several estimators are designed and applied. This includes a firing angle, generator output voltage, and DC current estimators to reduce noise effects. A DSP-based controller is designed and implemented to control the system and provide gate pulses. Performance of the proposed system under faults and drive train torque pulsation are analyzed as well. Additionally, converter paralleling when turbines operate at different electrical power levels are also studied. The proposed new Wind Energy Conversion System (WECS) is described in detail and verified using MATLAB®/ Simulink® simulation and experimental test setup. The proposed solution offers higher reliability, lower conversion power loss, and lower cost. The following is proposed as future work:

1) Study different control methods for controlling the SCR's.

2) Investigate reducing torque pulsations of the PMSG and using the proposed power conversion method for DFIG turbines.

3) Explore options for communication/control between PMSG, circuit protection and grid-tied inverters.

4) Investigate the best possible configuration for DC storage/connection to the HVDC/MVDC bus.

5) Study the filtering needed to improve the DC bus voltage at the generator.