ETI Publications

Document Type

Technical Paper

Publication Date



Adults in 487 Milwaukee households were interviewed in late Fall of 1993 to solicit information on central city residents employed or seeking jobs, the education and training background of workers and job seekers, perceived barriers to employment, and the availability of health insurance for Milwaukee families. The survey was conducted in English and in Spanish. The labor force status of central city residents, rather than a fixed condition of permanent employment or unemployment, represents a highly fluid situation. About a fourth of employed men and women (ages 18-59) were working in temporary or part-time jobs. Desire for better pay, advancement, more hours and better working conditions were cited by employed Milwaukee residents seeking new jobs. In spite of their increased employment experience, central city men did not show greater stability in employment as they moved into middle-age. The highest proportion of central city men employed in full-time permanent jobs were in their thirties, with employment rates declining for men in their forties and dropping sharply for men in their fifties and sixties. Women were most likely to be employed in full-time permanent jobs in their forties at the end of their child-bearing years.