Corresponding Author

Chang-yu Hong


On Jeju Island, there are many freshwater springs because it is a volcanic island with abundant precipitation and rainwater. While springs were once plentiful in the island, due to depletion and urbanization pressures, many of the traditional wood and rock structures and spaces surrounding springs have become severely deteriorated. Until the 1970s springs served as vital community resources for water provisioning for drinking and household use, agriculture and livestock. However, after most springs fell into disuse, hydraulic engineers have maintained Jeju’s springs with a concern for springs with strong flow and good water quality but disregarding human activities such as social, cultural and landscape context in the springs. In this research study, I address the cultural context as well as an environmental value of freshwater springs. In addition, it is necessary for people in Jeju recognize their ethnological identity in studying how their ancestors function spatially in springs and recording the design and shape of original structures which takes into account the historical, cultural and social elements of Jeju in the past. Also, I describe how to categorize various landscaping shapes of springs on Jeju Island through case study.



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