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Abstract

This study explores spatio-temporal responses to Hurricane Matthew across the US states by analyzing Twitter data. This study finds that people in different states and periods respond differently to Hurricane Matthew. For instance, people in the Midwest and Northeast regions show a high proportion of tweets in the pre-hurricane period. Those in the Southeast region demonstrate a high proportion of those in the hurricane period, and those in the West region show a high proportion of those in the post-hurricane period. This study also finds that people increase long distance trips (over 100 km) and decrease short distance trips (within 5 km, between 5~10 km, and between 10~25 km) in the hurricane period. Lastly, people show the most different displacements between the Twitter data and the theoretical model in the hurricane period.

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